36.357 & 36.358 GE PFAFF/NASA GSFC

  • Mission
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36.358 GE Black Brant IX was launched from Wallops Island, VA on July 7, 2021. The Dynamos, Winds, and Electric Fields in the Daytime Lower Ionosphere missions (Dynamo-2) are newly designed identical payloads. Each payload includes a GSFC main payload with a deploying Maynard sphere and a UNH sub-payload. The objective of the Dynamo-2 missions is to measure DC electric fields, plasma density, currents, neutral winds, neutral density and temperature, and ion mass distributions. The missions are supported with NASA’s ICON satellite measurements, and Wallops ground based measurements from the GSFC magnetometer, the Vertical Incidence Pulsed Ionospheric Radar (VIPIR), and the digital ionosonde. The 36.358 payload launched into quiet conditions.

The second Dynamo payload, 36.357 GE, was launched into disturbed conditions on July 11, 2021.

Read more about this mission: https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2021/nasa-rocket-satellite-tag-team-to-view-the-giant-electric-current-in-the-sky/

The Principal Investigator is Dr. Robert Pfaff/NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.

Drawing of a Terrier-Black Brant sounding rocket

The Black Brant 9 is a two stage sounding rocket with a Terrier first stage and Black Brant second stage. The Black Brant 9 can reach altitudes of about 600 km. Payloads weighing from 400 to 1200 pounds can be flown.

Additional sounding rocket vehicles

Google Earth map showing Wallops Flight Facility

The first of two Dynamo-2 payloads, 36.358 GE, was launched on July 7, 2021 from NASA Wallops Flight Facility. The second Dynamo Payload, 36.357 GE, was launched on July 11, 2021.