Auroral Zone Upwelling Rocket Experiment (AZURE)

  • Mission
  • Vehicle
  • Launch
  • Photos

During disturbed conditions the vertical circulation in the auroral zone is a key element in the re-distribution of energy, momentum, and chemical constituents in response to forcing, but few direct measurements of the vertical winds in such conditions exist.

The AZURE mission consisted of two rockets, AZURE-A and AZURE-B, launched from the Andoya Space Center in Norway to measure the neutral flow parameters, the in-situ density and temperature profiles, and the composition profiles in order to address vertical circulation conditions in the atmosphere.

For more information on AZURE, please visit: https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2019/nasa-launches-two-rockets-studying-auroras


Drawing of a Terrier-Black Brant sounding rocket

The Black Brant XI-A is a three stage sounding rocket with a Talos first stage, Terrier second stage, Black Brant third stage.

Additional sounding rocket vehicles

Andoya Rocket Range map.

The AZURE mission launched from Andoya Space Center, Norway, on April 5 2019.